The Harappan and Vedic periods represent two distinct phases in the tapestry of ancient Indian civilization, each contributing unique characteristics to the cultural mosaic. The Harappan civilization, thriving around 3300 to 1300 BCE, was characterized by advanced urban planning, sophisticated engineering, and arobust trade network. Cities like Harappa, Mohenjodaro, and Kalibangan boasted\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026..\u2014a testament to their remarkable urban sophistication.The Harappan people, largely engaged in agriculture, cultivated crops like wheat, barley, sesame, and mustard. They domesticated animals such as sheep, goats,and buffalo, showcasing a balanced agrarian economy. Noteworthy is the largescale use of burnt bricks in construction, with the absence of stone buildings. Thecities displayed a remarkable drainage system, connecting houses to street drains covered by stone slabs or bricks. The Great Bath at Mohenjodaro, measuring 39 feet in length and 23 feet in breadth, stood as a prominent public place, serving likely as a ritual bathing site. What distinguished the town planning of the Harappan civilization? a. Circular city layouts b. Grid-like street patterns c. Radial street designs d. Linear city arrangements Which river was not part of the Saptasindhu mentioned in the Rig Veda? a. Ganges b. Indus c. Yamuna d. Sutlej What was a significant political unit in the Later Vedic Period? a. Kula b. Vishayapati c. Janapada d. Sabha What religious shift occurred in the Later Vedic Period concerning gods? a. Emphasis on Indra and Agni b. Rise of Prajapati, Vishnu, and Rudra c. Continued worship of natural forces d. Introduction of idol worship Which statement accurately reflects the status of women in the Vedic period? a. Increased political rights in assemblies b. Equal privileges as men in all aspects c. Status improvement compared to the Harappan period d. Decline in status and loss of political rights What was the primary material used in construction during the Harappanperiod? a. Stone b. Wood c. Burnt bricks d. Mud Answers b 2. a 3. c 4. b 5. b 6. c Do join the whatsapp group\u00a0to stay updated.