Practice Passage #28 for CLAT : Logical Reasoning

logical reasoning clat

In the bustling city of Mumbai, known for its vibrant culture and diverse markets, a peculiar situation has arisen in the local mango market. The market, famous for its seasonal mangoes, has been experiencing a sudden surge in prices, leading to a heated debate among traders, farmers, and consumers.

The main cause of the price increase is attributed to a combination of factors. Firstly, unseasonal rains in the key mango-producing regions of Maharashtra have significantly impacted the crop yield this year. Farmers, grappling with the unpredictable weather, have reported lower harvests, resulting in reduced supply to the market.

Adding to the complexity is the issue of transportation. The increase in fuel prices has led to higher transportation costs for the mangoes, affecting the overall cost structure. Traders argue that this rise in operational expenses is a key driver behind the surge in mango prices in the market.

On the other hand, some consumers and agricultural experts contend that there might be an element of market manipulation at play. They point to the fact that despite the challenges faced by farmers, the prices seem disproportionately high, and traders might be taking advantage of the situation to maximize their profits. This has sparked demands for a thorough investigation into the pricing dynamics within the mango market.

Furthermore, the government’s role in regulating the market is also under scrutiny. Some argue that the lack of effective policies and intervention has allowed for unchecked price hikes. Advocates for government intervention suggest that implementing price controls or subsidies for farmers could be a potential solution to address the issue.

In light of these considerations, the stakeholders involved—farmers, traders, consumers, and the government—face a complex decision-making scenario. Should the government intervene with regulatory measures to control prices and protect consumers, or should it adopt a more hands-off approach and allow market forces to determine the equilibrium?

As the debate intensifies, it becomes imperative for all parties involved to carefully evaluate the factors at play, considering the challenges faced by farmers, the economic realities of traders, and the interests of consumers. The resolution of this conundrum hinges on a balanced and comprehensive understanding of the intricate interplay between supply, demand, and external factors within the unique context of the Indian mango market

Question 1: According to the passage, what is the primary premise supporting the argument about the surge in mango prices in the Mumbai market?

A) The increase in fuel prices affecting transportation costs
B) Unseasonal rains leading to a reduction in crop yield
C) Market manipulation by traders maximizing profits
D) Government intervention as a solution to price control

Question 2: Critically analyzing the reasoning patterns in the passage, what assumption underlies the conclusion regarding government intervention in the mango market?

A) The government’s ability to predict and control market equilibrium
B) The belief that a hands-off approach is always the most effective
C) The assumption that economic factors remain stable in the market
D) The assertion that consumers have a significant influence on government policies

Question 3: Inferred from the passage, what potential consequence is suggested if consumer preferences shift away from mangoes to alternative fruits?

A) Traders and farmers would respond predictably, maintaining market stability.
B) The market dynamics would remain unaffected by consumer choices.
C) The conflicting interests among stakeholders would become more pronounced.
D) Government intervention would be required to regulate alternative fruit markets.

Question 4: Drawing analogies between the mango market conundrum and a historical case of government intervention, what does the passage recommend for resolving the mango market debate?

A) Advocating for a hands-off government approach similar to historical successes
B) Emphasizing the need for stricter government control based on past failures
C) Recognizing the complexities of market dynamics and avoiding rigid analogies
D) Ignoring historical precedents and focusing solely on current economic factors

Question 5: Identify a potential contradiction within the passage and consider its impact on the overall argument. How might addressing this contradiction strengthen the passage’s position?

A) The passage emphasizes both the necessity of government intervention and a hands-off approach.
B) Stakeholders unanimously agree on the primary cause of the surge in mango prices.
C) Traders’ interests align perfectly with consumers’ expectations in the market.
D) The passage suggests that unseasonal rains have a negligible impact on crop yield.

Answers


Question 1:
Correct Answer: B) Unseasonal rains leading to a reduction in crop yield
Explanation: The passage highlights unseasonal rains as a key factor impacting crop yield, leading to reduced supply and contributing to the surge in mango prices.

Question 2: Correct Answer: A) The government’s ability to predict and control market equilibrium
Explanation: The passage suggests a dichotomy between hands-off government approach and active regulation. The assumption underlying the conclusion is that the government can effectively predict and control market equilibrium.

Question 3: Correct Answer: C) The conflicting interests among stakeholders would become more pronounced.
Explanation: The passage implies that the conflicting interests among stakeholders, such as farmers, traders, and consumers, may become more pronounced if consumer preferences shift.

Question 4: Correct Answer: C) Recognizing the complexities of market dynamics and avoiding rigid analogies
Explanation: The passage does not explicitly recommend following historical cases of government intervention. Instead, it emphasizes the need for a balanced and comprehensive understanding of the unique complexities of the mango market.

Question 5: Correct Answer: A) The passage emphasizes both the necessity of government intervention and a hands-off approach.
Explanation: The passage presents arguments both for and against government intervention, which might be seen as contradictory. Addressing this contradiction could involve providing a more nuanced perspective or exploring potential scenarios where a combination of intervention and a hands-off approach may be necessary.

Watch the Youtube Video on 16th Finance Commission for CLAT here.

Do join the whatsapp group or just contact me personally on 9456331884 for a free consultation.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *