Logical reasoning for CLAT : Practice Passage 24

logical reasoning clat

In the vast tapestry of India’s transportation network, the Indian Railways stands as a crucial thread, woven intricately into the fabric of the nation. However, recent challenges have surfaced, casting shadows on the efficiency and sustainability of this vital mode of transportation.

India’s railway system, one of the oldest in the world, has witnessed exponential growth and modernization over the years. Yet, as the country undergoes rapid urbanization and industrialization, the demand for efficient and reliable transportation has reached unprecedented levels. The Indian Railways, however, grapples with a myriad of challenges ranging from outdated infrastructure to bureaucratic hurdles.

One of the primary issues plaguing the Indian Railways is the state of its infrastructure. While major cities boast well-connected and modern railway stations, the story changes as one traverses into the heartland. A large portion of the railway tracks in rural areas is in dire need of repair and upgrade. This dilapidated infrastructure not only compromises safety but also hampers the smooth flow of goods and passengers, leading to delays and inefficiencies.

Bureaucratic red tape is another hurdle that hampers the Indian Railways’ progress. Decision-making processes often get entangled in a web of administrative procedures, slowing down crucial projects. The need for a streamlined approach to decision-making and project implementation is evident, especially when considering the urgency of modernizing the railway infrastructure to meet the growing demands of the population.

Moreover, the Indian Railways faces stiff competition from alternative modes of transportation, such as highways and air travel. While railways have traditionally been a cost-effective means of transport, the emergence of faster and more convenient options has led to a decline in the railways’ market share. To stay relevant, the Indian Railways must focus on enhancing its speed, connectivity, and overall service quality.

On a positive note, recent initiatives by the government aim to address these challenges. Projects like the Dedicated Freight Corridor (DFC) seek to create high-speed, high-capacity corridors for freight transportation. Additionally, plans for the introduction of high-speed trains, such as the proposed Mumbai-Ahmedabad bullet train, indicate a step toward modernization. However, the success of these initiatives hinges on efficient execution and timely completion.

  1. What is the primary challenge faced by the Indian Railways? a. Air travel competition
    b. Bureaucratic hurdles
    c. Lack of funds
    d. Outdated technology
  2. Why does the state of railway tracks in rural areas pose a problem? a. Aesthetic reasons
    b. Environmental concerns
    c. Safety and efficiency
    d. None of the above
  3. What is mentioned as a potential solution to the bureaucratic red tape issue? a. Increasing administrative procedures
    b. Streamlining decision-making processes
    c. Introducing more paperwork
    d. Ignoring administrative hurdles
  4. What is suggested as a way for the Indian Railways to stay competitive? a. Reducing connectivity
    b. Lowering service quality
    c. Focusing on speed, connectivity, and service quality
    d. Ignoring alternative modes of transportation
  5. Which initiative is cited in the passage as a positive step toward addressing challenges? a. Introduction of high-speed trains
    b. Competition with air travel
    c. Bureaucratic red tape
    d. Lack of government initiatives

  1. Correct Answer: b. Bureaucratic hurdles
    • Solution: The passage mentions that one of the primary issues plaguing the Indian Railways is the state of its infrastructure, but it also highlights bureaucratic red tape as a significant hurdle. The relevant passage states, “Bureaucratic red tape is another hurdle that hampers the Indian Railways’ progress.”
  2. Correct Answer: c. Safety and efficiency
    • Solution: The passage explains that the dilapidated infrastructure in rural areas compromises safety and hampers the smooth flow of goods and passengers, leading to delays and inefficiencies. The relevant passage states, “A large portion of the railway tracks in rural areas is in dire need of repair and upgrade. This dilapidated infrastructure not only compromises safety but also hampers the smooth flow of goods and passengers, leading to delays and inefficiencies.”
  3. Correct Answer: b. Streamlining decision-making processes
    • Solution: The passage suggests that the bureaucratic red tape issue can be addressed by a streamlined approach to decision-making and project implementation. The relevant passage states, “The need for a streamlined approach to decision-making and project implementation is evident.”
  4. Correct Answer: c. Focusing on speed, connectivity, and service quality
    • Solution: The passage suggests that to stay competitive, the Indian Railways must focus on enhancing its speed, connectivity, and overall service quality. The relevant passage states, “To stay relevant, the Indian Railways must focus on enhancing its speed, connectivity, and overall service quality.”
  5. Correct Answer: a. Introduction of high-speed trains
    • Solution: The passage mentions positive initiatives like the Dedicated Freight Corridor (DFC) and the proposed Mumbai-Ahmedabad bullet train as steps toward modernization. The relevant passage states, “Projects like the Dedicated Freight Corridor (DFC) seek to create high-speed, high-capacity corridors for freight transportation. Additionally, plans for the introduction of high-speed trains, such as the proposed Mumbai-Ahmedabad bullet train, indicate a step toward modernization.”

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