Logical reasoning for CLAT : Practice Passage #16

logical reasoning clat

(Time : 5-7 minutes)

In the wake of global environmental concerns, the Indian government has recently introduced a groundbreaking policy aimed at promoting the adoption of renewable energy sources. The policy outlines ambitious targets for the reduction of carbon emissions and emphasizes the transition from conventional energy to green alternatives. However, amidst the discussions surrounding this policy, a heated debate has emerged regarding its feasibility and potential impact on the economy.

Advocates of the green energy revolution argue that investing in renewable energy will not only address environmental issues but also stimulate economic growth by creating a burgeoning industry and job opportunities. They point to success stories in other countries where such policies have resulted in a thriving green sector and a significant decrease in greenhouse gas emissions.

On the flip side, skeptics contend that the rapid transition to renewable energy sources might jeopardize the existing job market in traditional energy sectors, causing unemployment and economic instability. They argue that the technology required for a complete shift to green energy is not yet fully developed, and a hasty implementation could lead to energy shortages and adversely affect industrial production.

The government, in response to these concerns, commissioned a comprehensive study to assess the potential impact of the green energy policy. The study, conducted by a team of environmental scientists, economists, and energy experts, aimed to provide an evidence-based analysis of the consequences of the proposed shift.

  1. Which of the following, if true, would strengthen the argument in favor of the green energy revolution?

a) The demand for renewable energy technologies has led to a surge in research and development investment.

b) The traditional energy sector is already facing a decline in profitability due to increasing operational costs.

c) Other countries with similar policies have experienced a significant reduction in carbon emissions over the years.

d) A recent technological breakthrough has made renewable energy sources more efficient and cost-effective.

2. What, if true, would weaken the argument supporting the green energy revolution?

a) The study commissioned by the government was conducted by experts with a known bias towards renewable energy.

b) The traditional energy sector has developed plans to adopt cleaner technologies and reduce carbon emissions.

c) The majority of the population believes that the economic benefits of the green energy revolution are overstated.

d) The cost of implementing the green energy policy exceeds the allocated budget, leading to potential financial strain.

3. If it were discovered that the new green energy policy would lead to the creation of twice as many jobs in the renewable sector as the number of jobs lost in the traditional energy sector, how would this impact the overall argument?

a) Strengthen the argument in favor of the green energy revolution.

b) Weaken the argument for the green energy revolution.

c) Have no impact on the argument either way.

d) Introduce a new perspective, making the argument more complex.

4. Suppose the study revealed that the technology required for the green energy transition is still in its infancy and would not be fully developed for another decade. How would this affect the argument?

a) Strengthen the argument in favor of the green energy revolution.

b) Weaken the argument for the green energy revolution.

c) Have no impact on the argument either way.

d) Introduce uncertainty, making the argument more nuanced.

5. If it were found that the government had not considered potential social and economic consequences adequately in formulating the green energy policy, what would this imply for the overall argument?

a) Strengthen the argument in favor of the green energy revolution.

b) Weaken the argument for the green energy revolution.

c) Have no impact on the argument either way.

d) Raise concerns about the validity of the argument.

Answers

  1. d) A recent technological breakthrough has made renewable energy sources more efficient and cost-effective.

Explanation: This option directly supports the argument by providing new information about the improvement in the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of renewable energy sources.

2. b) The traditional energy sector has developed plans to adopt cleaner technologies and reduce carbon emissions.

Explanation: This option weakens the argument by suggesting that the traditional energy sector is already taking steps to address environmental concerns, reducing the urgency of a rapid shift to green energy.

3. a) Strengthen the argument in favor of the green energy revolution.

Explanation: This information strengthens the argument by highlighting the positive economic impact of the green energy policy in terms of job creation.

4. b) Weaken the argument for the green energy revolution.

Explanation: This information weakens the argument by suggesting that the technology needed for the green energy transition is not yet mature, raising concerns about the feasibility of the rapid shift.

5. b) Weaken the argument for the green energy revolution.

Explanation: This information weakens the argument by indicating that the government may not have thoroughly assessed the potential negative consequences of the policy, raising doubts about its overall effectiveness and viability.

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